19 Most Popular Types Of Fish In Indian Markets

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Exclusive, Non Vegetarian

Fish is nature’s bounty, a great source of food and nutrients for humans and animals. We have a huge history of fish being a crucial part of Indian cuisine. It is overwhelmed with great nutritional properties such as vitamins, proteins, and fatty acids. Before heading out and buying fish, you should have a thorough knowledge of the varieties of fish in India and their geographical and nutritional features.

So, let’s dive into the 19 most popular types of fish in Indian markets:

1. Rohu or Carpo Fish

Source: telegraphindia

A species of the carp family, rohu fish is a delicacy in the eastern states of India, especially in West Bengal and Bihar. It is golden-silverish in color and has a small head and a sharp face with a maximum length of 1m. One thing to be noted is that it is a bony fish and requires concentration and effort to consume. It is a very popular fish and has great demand in the market.

2Rani or Pink Perch

Source: freshtohome

As the name suggests, this pink perch generally has pinkish-red skin, small in size, and is less oily. These are found in softwater pounds and have a mild and sweet taste. The best thing about these fish is that they have less fish odor and minimum bones. 

3Surmai or Mackarel

Source: indofoody

Surmai is also known as the ‘Indo-pacific king’ because it belongs to the Indian ocean. It has many names worldwide, such as ‘mackerel’ or ‘seer fish’ etc. People prefer surmai because it’s boneless and has an irresistibly smooth and succulent taste. 

4. Rawas or Indian Salmon

Source: cbmeat

This fish is the most devoured in all parts of India. It is mostly found in the western waters of Maharashtra and Gujarat. It is loaded with amino acids, vitamins, and essential minerals. This has been the best pick all around the world because it is boneless, has easy availability, and has rich nutritional content. 

5Catla Fish or Indian Carp

Source: five7

Catla fish is found in the north Assam and Bengal regions. It has a large and broad head with muscular bones and has low-fat content. Apart from that, it has huge nutritional value, like protein and omega-3 fatty acids. It is also preferred by weight-watchers as it has less fat and low calorific value. 

6Paplet or Pomfret Fish

Source: freshfishop

Paplet fish is popularly known as ‘Indian Butterfish.’ It comes from South Asia and also belongs to the Indian Ocean. The white meat, buttery texture, and non-fishy flavors make it the most popular dish in India. 

7Hilsa or Ilish Fish

Source: getbengal

Ilish, a freshwater fish, is the national fish of Bangladesh. It is a delicacy famous in Odisha, West Bengal, and Andhra Pradesh. It is enriched with good proteins and omega 3, which helps to prevent any heart diseases. The best way to savor it is in the form of curry with some steamed rice. 

8. Singhara or Seenghala Fish 

Source: freshtohome

Giant river catfish, a species of Bagridae catfish, is also known as ‘guizza.’ It has very few bones, is easy to pick out, and has an oily and meaty texture that gives it a rich and wholesome flavor.  

9. Bangda or Indian Mackerel

Source: cbmeat

The Indian mackerel is found in the western and Indian Pacific oceans. It is a famous Maharashtrian delicacy savored in different forms. It is an oily and bony fish that naturally contains a soft and tender texture with an exceptional creamy taste. You can fry it to get that juicy and flavorful taste as well. 

Read also16 Best Vegan Substitutes For Milk

10Pedvey or Sardine Fish 

Source: cbmeat

Indian oil sardines, belonging to the Clupeidae family, are very small in size, have silver skin, and are plenty rich in vitamin D and calcium. It is nutrient-dense, makes our bones stronger, and relieves stress. These sardines are mostly found in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In addition to its bony and oily nature, it is extensively rich in taste and texture.

11India Basa

Source: exportersindia

Indian Basa is a white fish native to Southeast Asia that derives from the pangasiidae family and is found in eastern Indian freshwaters. It is chosen for its firm and light texture with absolutely no bones. This fish is easily harvested, which is the reason why it is cheap and affordable. 

12Eel Fish 

Source: wikipedia

Eel fish is the most distinctive type of fish due to its elongated and worm-like body. It also comes with numerous health benefits, such as strengthening bones, improving blood pressure, and reducing the risk of diabetes and arthritis. 

13Tilapia Fish 

Source: thecoldwire

Tilapia, popularly called ‘jalebi,’ is a freshwater fish that is low in fat content and loaded with protein and minerals. It has a mild and sweet taste and is the most desirable fish all over the world.

14. Tengra or Mystus Tengra 

Source: cbmeat

Tengra is a special delicacy for the people near Indian rivers like Bengal, Odisha, and Chattisgarh. This freshwater fish has a very mild and sweet taste as compared to other fishes. It can be pan-fried, grilled, or smoked to enhance its flavors.

15Kajoli Fish

Source: rumkisgoldenspoon

Kajoli is derived from the family of ailiidae catfish. This fish is mostly devoured in Bengal and Bangladesh, where it is known as ‘baspata.’ It is famous for its extremely tender and sweet taste.

16Karimeen or Pearl Spot Fish

Source: salmons

Karimeen, or Green Chromide, is known for its elliptical size with pearl spots all over the body. This fish is an authentic dish of Kerala. It can be pan-fried, grilled on charcoal with lots of spices, or braised in coconut gravy.

17Jhinga or Prawn Fish

types of fish in indian markets
Source: meatkart

Prawn fish is very important for the Indian aquaculture industry for its demand and taste. They are rich in selenium, zinc, and other antioxidants. This dish tastes best as an appetizer or with rice dishes.

18. Bhetki Fish 

Source: freshtohome

The Asian Sea Bass, also known as Barramundi, is an Indo-western fish found in Southeast Asian waters. They are considered to be the favorite of Bengalis due to their gentle and soft flesh with lesser bones. It is highly rich in potassium, omega-3 fatty acids, and essential vitamins.

19. Bombay Duck

Source: bbc

Bombay duck is a freshwater fish found in Indian and Bangladesh markets. They have a delicate structure with a single rib bone, easy to eat with a strong, fishy, and salty taste. The rich flavors of this marine fish are heavenly.

Hope this fish guide gave you a comprehensive understanding of the fishes and their availability across the country. So next time you are visiting a fish market, you’ll be informed enough as to which kind of fish is best to be served next on your platter.

Read also11 Varieties Of Puttu You Must Try


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